The One Day International is one of the three formats in which the game of cricket is played internationally. The very first One Day International (ODI) was played between the teams of Australia and England on 5th January 1971 at the Melbourne Cricket Ground.
Leading up to the first ODI
The first ODI competition was held in England in 1963. Australia tried the format in 1969-70 and it proved to be very popular.
When England toured Australia in 1970-71, there were no ODI matches scheduled to take place. However, after the first couple of test matches in the series, there were much rumours and concerns about the tactics and reluctant approach made by both the captains.
Before the third test match at the MCG got underway, temperatures reached a low of 50°F and it started raining as well. The first two days were called off as a result. The match was called off on the third day due to heavy rain over the weekend.
In order to give the audience something to watch, both the boards agreed to play a match similar to the ones held in the “Gillette Cup” on the fifth day of the Test. Tobacco company Rothmans was the sponsor of the game.
On a pitch made slow by the incessant rain, England batted first and were all out for 190 before the completion of their 40 overs. John Edrich anchored the innings with a knock of 82. However, all-round performance from Australia led to their win in the 35th over itself, having five wickets in hand.
India’s first ODI
India played their first ODI on the tour of England in 1974. The match was held at Leeds and was the first of a two-match series. After being put into bat, India scored 265 in 53.5, mainly due to Brijesh Patel’s 82 off 78 balls. England won the game with four wickets in hand and 53 balls to spare. John Edrich walked away with the Man of the Match award after scoring 90 runs while chasing.
Although India played their first ODI in 1974, the format remained largely unpopular among the spectators. The format was largely looked upon with eyes of skepticism. It was only after the 1983 Cricket World Cup win that the format gained immense popularity in the country.
Evolution of the Game
The very first ODI match was a 40-over contest with each over consisting of eight deliveries. After the success of the first game, the ICC decided to make the ODI a contest of 60 overs. It remained 60 overs till the 1983 Prudential World Cup.
Before the 1987 World Cup, the number of overs were reduced from 60 to 50 and has remained the same since then till date.
England holds the record for scoring the most runs in a single inning of an ODI game when they made 444/3 against Pakistan at Nottingham in 2016.
Legendary Indian batsman, Sachin Tendulkar has scored the most number of runs in ODI cricket. He scored 18,426 runs in a career spanning over twenty years.
Sri Lankan off-spinner Muttiah Muralitharan holds the record for picking up the most number of wickets in ODI cricket, after taking 534 wickets from 350 ODIs.
Rohit Sharma of India holds the record for scoring the most runs in an ODI inning. He achieved the feat against Sri Lanka at the Eden Gardens in 2014 after scoring 264. Incidentally, Sharma is the only batsman to have registered three double centuries in ODI cricket to his name, while all others have scored only one.
Sri Lanka’s Chaminda Vaas holds the record for the best bowling figures in an ODI when he took 8/19 against Zimbabwe at Colombo in 2001.