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Statistical analysis of the medals tally since the conception of the modern Olympic Games: Facts and predictions

The medal-fight for supremacy between China and USA might well go down to the wire.

The Rings of Glory

The First Olympic Games were held in Olympia, Ancient Greece from the 8th century BC to the 4th century AD. Inspired by the Goddess Athena, the celebration of athletic culture and sportsman spirit light the eternal flame that continues to this day. Although during a huge chunk of the intervening years, the Games were lost to the vagaries of time, Baron Pierre de Coubertin founded the International Olympic Committee (IOC) in 1894, which is the governing body with the Olympic Charter giving it structure and authority.

The Olympic Games have always brought together the best of the best on the same stage from all around the world. Among all the fierce competition between athletes and also the national Olympic bodies, there is an underlying sense of unity and brotherhood. A oneness forged in the hours at the gym/pool and gallons of sweat spent to perfect the art – the life of an athlete.

The evolution of the modern Olympic Games through the 20th and 21st centuries has resulted in the fragmentation of the Games into the Winter Olympic Games, the Paralympic Games and the Youth Olympic Games. However, among these, it is the Summer Olympics Games that are the most widely followed and considered the pinnacle of sports on the planet.

The Olympic Games are still, largely, participated by amateurs, a celebration of youth and vitality, the aspects that are closely related to excellence in sports. Holding up to 400 events in 33 different sports, an Olympic medal is the coveted prize that every participant looks forward to hold at least once in their lives.

We now take a look at the statistics of the medal tallies at the Summer Olympic Games by the big guns over the years. Only the top 15 contenders over the years have been listed along with India. Ranking has been done on the basis of the number of Gold Medals won, as is tradition, NOT on the total number of medals.

Ranking

Country(IOC)

No of Olympics

Gold

Silver

Bronze

Total

1

USA

26

976

757

666

2399

2

Russia

18

574

483

471

1528

3

Germany

24

411

432

461

1304

4

Great Britain

27

236

272

272

780

5

France

27

202

223

246

671

6

China

9

201

146

126

473

7

Italy

26

198

166

185

549

8

Hungary

25

167

144

165

476

9

Sweden

26

143

164

176

483

10

Australia

25

139

152

177

468

11

Japan

21

130

126

142

398

12

Finland

24

101

84

117

302

13

Romania

20

88

94

119

301

14

South Korea

16

81

82

80

243

15

Netherlands

25

77

85

104

266

 

India

23

9

6

11

26


Germany and Russia have participated in the Olympics under multiple entities through the years, going as far as to field two competing contingents during the same Games. Above, all the medals won by the different fractions have been combined under a single banner.

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