Shyam Thapa - Indian football legend
A look back at India's legendary footballer - Shyam Thapa
On May Day, legendary striker Shyam Thapa celebrated his 67th birthday, a quiet family occasion. Like many greats of Indian football, Shyam Thapa is also fading away from public memory. Many football fans of the modern generation, obsessed with European football, do not realize what a crowd puller and entertainer Shyam was in his prime in the late sixties and early nineteen seventies.
Lithe, agile and explosive the forte of Shyam’s game was his ability to conjure up goals from seemingly innocuous positions or half chances with deft placements and crisp volleys. His jinking runs with the ball and acrobatic back volleys or “overhead bicycle kicks” were a delight to behold and will linger forever in memory. Throughout his playing career, Shyam had the charisma to attract crowds. His sporting attitude on the field (such as never diving in the box or retaliating when fouled) and never say die spirit made him a fan favourite.
Whether playing for Gorkha Brigade (1967-69), Mafatlal Mills (1971-74), East Bengal (1966 and 1975-76) or Mohun Bagan (1977-1982), Shyam always gave cent per cent commitment and could feature anywhere in the forward line. He was ahead of his time as he had the requisite versatility to play in all positions – striker, winger, midfield and even defender, if required.
The culmination of his all round genius was witnessed in the 1980 Durand tournament. An injury-ridden Mohun Bagan was compelled to play him in the unusual position of right central defender in every match. He combined effectively with Subrata Bhattacharya and helped Bagan annexe the Durand tournament with a memorable 1-0 win over star-studded Mohammedan Sporting in the final. His tight marking of Mohammedan Sporting’s ace striker Shabbir Ali on a wet, soggy ground in the final tilted the match in his team’s favour.
From an army man to a professional footballer
Shyam Thapa was first discovered when he scored the match winner for Gorkha Military Higher Secondary School (HSS) against Anjuman Islam Higher secondary school, Mumbai in the 1964 Subroto Mukherjee Cup final. The East Bengal supremo JC Guha, who had a good eye for talent, signed him for the 1966 season. Shyam made a memorable debut as a precocious 18-year-old in the 1966 Kolkata league, scoring a hat-trick against Rajasthan Football Club.
He was still young and the pressures of Kolkata football were difficult to handle. So, he returned to Gorkha Brigade and played for them from 1967-1969. His finest hour came in the 1969 Durand final when he scored an opportunistic match winner in the reply against redoubtable Border Security Force (BSF). General Maneckshaw witnessed that match and invited the entire Gorkha Brigade team for a party the next day. At that party, Shyam requested Maneckshaw, who became a Field Marshall later, to release him from the army so that he could pursue his career as a professional. The General agreed and Shyam Thapa joined East Bengal again in 1970.
In 1970, his career really took off. He helped India win bronze medals in both the 1970 Merdeka tournament and Bangkok Asian Games. He scored in India’s 3-0 win over Indonesia in the 1970 Asian Games and also in the 3-1 win over Malaysia in the Merdeka tournament.
That year, East Bengal played in the 4-2-4 system and their quintet of forwards Swapan Sengupta, Ashok Chatterjee, Mohammed Habib and Shyam Thapa were all short-statured but explosive, skilful and a delight to watch with their flair and incessant attacking play. They were brilliant in the Durand tournament which East Bengal won by easily overcoming RAC Bikaner, Sikh Regimental Centre (SRC) Meerut, Mafatlal Mills and Mohun Bagan 2-0 in the final.
Treading Kolkatan waters again
Shyam Thapa’s career, however, suffered a setback. His family was worried about the increasing Naxalite violence in Kolkata and asked him to leave. He took a transfer to Mafatlal Mills, Bombay and linked up with former Gorkha Brigade players like Ranjit Thapa, Bhupender Singh Rawat and Amar Bahadur. He stayed with Mafatlal Mills from 1971-74.
The glamour and lure of Kolkata football proved irresistible and he re-joined East Bengal in 1975. He was by then an established superstar and had a memorable 1975-76 season. Coached by PK Banerjee East Bengal won the Kolkata league for a record sixth year in a row and in the IFA Shield final routed eternal rivals Mohun Bagan 5-0, a record score in a final. Shyam scored some memorable goals for East Bengal in those two years including a brilliant back volley against Bagan in a Kolkata league match.
He became India’s most sought after player and in the 1977-78 season, Mohun Bagan paid a record fee of Rs. 50,000 for his services. He was the highest paid player in India that year and helped Bagan win a historic treble – IFA Shield, Rovers Cup and Durand tournament, in a single season. It was the first time Bagan achieved this feat. In the Durand final, he scored the equalizer against JCT, darting onto a rebound from goalkeeper Surjeet Singh and bulging the net. In the replay, he set up the match winner for Mohammed Akbar.
From 1977-1980, he figured in four consecutive Durand finals for Mohun Bagan winning in 1977, 1979 and 1980 and losing 0-3 to East Bengal in the 1978 final. During the same period, Mohun Bagan also won the IFA Shield thrice in a row, 1977-79 and the Rovers cup in 1977. From 1970-77, he was a regular in the Indian team.
However after the 1978 Srinagar National championships, he was surprisingly omitted from the list of probables for the 1978 Asian Games. The national selectors claimed that he was slowing down and would not be able to cope with the rigours of international football. There was a major hue and cry in the national media at Shyam’s unfair omission.
Reacting to the media criticism, Field Marshall Sam Maneckshaw, boss of the All India Council of Sports (AICS) intervened and invited Shyam to join the training camp being held in Patiala. However the lion-hearted Gurkha spurned the last minute intervention and announced his retirement from international football. Being denied the captaincy of the Indian team in the 1978 Asian Games has been Shyam’s biggest disappointment in his otherwise glittering career.
A man of simple habits, he enjoys family picnics and eating Chinese food. Mussourie, near his birth place Dehra Dun is his favourite holiday resort. He relaxes by listening to the songs of Mohammed Rafi and Anand is the movie he likes the most. He remains fit and active by waking up early morning and doing yoga, a habit from his playing days.
After his playing career was over he was technical Director at the Williamson Magor Academy in Assam which later closed down and later at the Tata Football Academy. Such is Shyam Thapa’s fame that Nepal called him to revamp their football system in the 21st century and he was there in the first decade of the 21st century.
His greatest ambition is to revive football in his alma mater and his first love Gorkha Brigade. He has offered his services to the Indian Army but there have been no takers so far. A pity because Shyam, a man of great commitment would have helped revive football in Dehra Dun, once a major catchment area for Indian football. He is now is getting on in age and if not allowed to work now, it may be too late.