Sleep Disorders – Common Types, Symptoms, Treatments

Sleep disorders are a category of medical conditions that make it difficult to sleep well on a regular basis (Photo by Gregory Pappas on Unsplash)
Sleep disorders are a category of medical conditions that make it difficult to sleep well on a regular basis (Photo by Gregory Pappas on Unsplash)

Sleep disorders are a category of medical conditions that make it difficult to sleep well on a regular basis. Sleep disorders, whether caused by a medical condition or excessive stress, are becoming more common around the world.

Most people have occasional sleeping problems as a result of stress, hectic schedules, and other external influences. However, if these issues become frequent and cause significant distress, they may imply a sleeping disorder.


What are the different types of sleeping disorders?

Insomnia

The lack of willingness to fall or remain asleep is referred to as insomnia. Tiredness, anxiety, stress hormone levels, and digestive issues can all play a role. It could also be an unintended consequence of something else.

Insomnia can be detrimental to your overall well-being and quality of life, possibly resulting in:

  • depression
  • depression
  • Weight gain
  • negative impact on work or school performance.

Sleep apnea

Sleep apnea is defined by stops and starts in breathing while sleeping. This is a severe medical condition in which the body consumes less oxygen. It can also end up causing you to wake up in the middle of the night.

There are two varieties:

  • obstructive sleep apnea, in which the flow of air is interrupted because the airway is obscured or too narrow, and
  • Central sleep apnea is caused by a breakdown in the link between the brain and the muscles that control your breathing.

Restless leg syndrome

Restless leg syndrome (RLS) is characterized by an overwhelming desire to move one's legs. This desire is occasionally followed by a tingling feeling in the legs. These symptoms can happen during the day, but they are most common at night.

RLS is frequently linked to medical conditions such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and Parkinson's disease, but the exact cause is not always known.


Narcolepsy

Narcolepsy is distinguished by "sleep attacks" that occur while the person is awake. This means you will become super tired and fall asleep unexpectedly.

The disorder can also cause sleep paralysis, in which you are physically unable to move immediately after waking up. Although narcolepsy can occur on its own, it is also linked to a number of neurological disorders.


Symptoms of sleep disorders

The intensity and type of sleep disorder influence the symptoms (Photo by Sander Sammy on Unsplash)
The intensity and type of sleep disorder influence the symptoms (Photo by Sander Sammy on Unsplash)

The intensity and type of sleep disorder influence the symptoms. They may also differ when sleep disorders are caused by another condition.

However, general sleep disorder symptoms include:

  • Having trouble falling or staying asleep
  • fatigue during the day
  • strange breathing patterns
  • unusual or uncomfortable urges to start moving while sleeping
  • weight gain
  • depression

Causes of sleep disorders

A wide range of conditions and diseases, as well as disorders, can cause sleep disturbances. Sleep disorders are frequently the result of deeper health problems.

Allergies and breathing difficulties

Allergies, colds, and upper respiratory infections can make sleeping difficult.

Urination on a regular basis

Nocturia, or increased urination, can cause you to wake up during the night and disrupt your sleep. Hormonal imbalances and urinary tract diseases may contribute to the development of this condition.

Chronic discomfort

Constant pain can make falling asleep difficult. It may even wake you up after you have fallen asleep. The following are a few of the most common causes of long-term pain:

  • chronic fatigue syndrome
  • arthritis

Treatments for sleep disorders

Treatment for sleep disorders differs depending on the type and underlying cause.(Photo by Christina Victoria Craft on Unsplash)
Treatment for sleep disorders differs depending on the type and underlying cause.(Photo by Christina Victoria Craft on Unsplash)

Treatment for sleep disorders differs depending on the type and underlying cause. However, it is usually a combination of medical procedures and dietary changes.

Medical treatments

Each of the following medical treatments may be used to treat sleep disorders:

  • Sleeping tablets
  • supplements containing melatonin
  • Medication for allergies or colds
  • medications to treat any underlying health problems
  • breathing apparatus or surgery (usually for sleep apnea)
  • a mouth guard (usually for teeth grinding)

Changes in lifestyle

Lifestyle changes can significantly improve your sleep quality, especially when combined with medical treatments. Consider the following:

  • Include more vegetables and fish in your diet, as well as limit your sugar intake
  • Establishing and adhering to a regular sleeping schedule
  • consuming less water before going to bed
  • Limit your caffeine consumption, particularly in the late afternoon or evening
  • Lowering tobacco and alcohol consumption

Outlook

Sleep disorders can be so intrusive that you will most likely want instant relief. Unfortunately, lengthy cases can take longer to resolve.

However, if you stick to your treatment plan and communicate with your doctor on a regular basis, you can discover a way to better sleep.

Edited by Ankush Das