What are mountain biomes in Minecraft 1.18? All players need to know

A frozen peak biome, one of the new biome variations provided to mountains in Minecraft 1.18 (Image via Mojang)
A frozen peak biome, one of the new biome variations provided to mountains in Minecraft 1.18 (Image via Mojang)

As a major component in Minecraft's 1.18 update, mountains were reworked in a pretty big way, adding biomes to the enlarging mountain ranges now capable of generating within the game.


Mountain biomes are now the name given to six distinct biomes that can be found either on a mountain's slopes or at their peaks. Depending on the location, three biomes are capable of generating on slopes, and three on the mountain peaks. For the most part, these biomes are cold or snowy in temperature, though there are two in particular that have a chance of spawning at a temperate climate, and one in particular that can even generate in a lush variation.

Minecraft: Breaking down the new mountain biomes

New biomes are always a welcome addition for Minecraft players (Image via Mojang)
New biomes are always a welcome addition for Minecraft players (Image via Mojang)

Although players will have plenty to explore with the new mountain biomes, it helps to know a little bit about them and how they differ in Minecraft. Though they share more similarities than differences, it's worth knowing these contrasts in order to tell the different mountain biomes apart. A breakdown can be found below:


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Slope Biomes

  • Meadows - A grassy Minecraft biome that bears resemblance to standard plains biomes. Mobs such as sheep, rabbits, and donkeys are capable of spawning here. A small assortment of flowers can be found in this biome, as well as one tree, which will always feature a bee nest attached to it. Villages and pillager outposts can also generate in meadows, making meadows the only mountain biome capable of containing villages.
  • Groves - A forest of spruce trees that generates on mountain slopes. Similar to a taiga biome but features much more snow than grass blocks. Rabbits, wolves, and red foxes can be found in this biome, and uses the same mob spawning chances as windswept hill biomes when spawning hostile or ambient mobs.
  • Snowy Slopes - As the name implies, snowy slope biomes in Minecraft are comprised almost entirely of snow. They are for most intents and purposes completely barren, save for a few rabbits or goats one might find. Snowy slope biomes can also feature igloos on occasion, and possess the same hostile/ambient mob spawning chances as windswept hills.

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Peak Biomes

  • Jagged Peaks - Cold, pointy, and filled to the brim with stone, jagged peaks are biomes can reach very high into the clouds and often feature a solid stash of ores. Goats are the only mob players should expect to see here with any regularity, though they share the same spawn chances as windswept hills like many mountain biomes.
  • Frozen Peaks - Generating in Minecraft's smoother hills, frozen peaks exhibit mostly snow and packed ice. They can, however, reach quite high on occasion when generated, but not as much as jagged peak biomes. Like jagged peaks, frozen peaks occasionally spawn goats but not much else.
  • Stony Peaks - A warmer variation of a peak compared to the other two options, stony peaks can be found when mountains appear near warm or lukewarm biomes like savannas or jungles. It is mostly capped off with stone and deposits of calcite blocks, as well as sporting plenty of ores for Minecraft players to mine. No passive mobs are known to spawn in these biomes, and their foliage exhibit a unique light-green coloration compared to other biomes.

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Edited by Mason J. Schneider
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