Michael John Clarke is a professional Australian cricketer and captain of the Australian cricket team in both Test and ODI cricket. He is a right-handed middle-order batsman, and an occasional left-arm orthodox spin bowler. He represents New South Wales at the domestic level. Clarke made his debut for New South Wales as an eighteen-year-old in the 1999–2000 Sheffield Shield tournament, and his one-day international debut in January 2003 against England at Adelaide. Clarke was chosen to make his Test debut against India at Bangalore in October 2004. He succeeded on debut, scoring 151 and consequently helping Australia to victory. Clarke went on to play a major part in Australia's 2–1 series victory, their first in India in over thirty years. In recognition of his performance in the 2004 calendar year, he was awarded the Allan Border Medal in 2005. Clarke then helped Australia retain the 2007 Cricket World Cup in the West Indies where they did not lose a game. On 5 December 2007, Cricket Australia named Clarke as captain of Australia for their one-off Twenty20 game against New Zealand in Perth. Clarke's wickets ensured that Australia retained the Border-Gavaskar Trophy
in 2008 and kept their world record equaling 16-match win streak alive. He was named Man of the Series in the two-Test series against New Zealand in Australia with scores of 110, 98 and 10, in addition to being the top run-scorer in the three-Test series against South Africa in Australia. Clarke won the 2009 Allan Border Medal in a tie with Ricky Ponting with both scoring 41 points, and was also named Test Cricketer of the Year. In October 2009, Clarke was named as captain of Australia's Twenty20 side, taking over from the retired Ricky Ponting. On 1 May 2012 Clarke made his debut in the Indian Premier League for Pune Warriors India. 2012 has been the best year of Clarke's Test career. After taking over the Test captaincy from Ricky Ponting
, Clarke became the first batsman in the history of cricket to score four double centuries in the same calendar year. He scored a total of five centuries in 2012, including the knock of 329* against India, which was the first-ever triple century at the Sydney Cricket Ground.