#6 Ice Climbing
Ice climbing is pretty similar to rock climbing in many aspects, but involves the climbing of icefalls, frozen waterfalls, cliffs and ice-covered rock slabs. It is very popular with people who live in places which have extreme winter conditions. Alpha ice and water ice are the two different kinds of climbing ice. These are found on mountains and cliffs respectively, and require different tools to scale each type.
Before the 20th century, ice climbers had to deal with a lot of issues like creating their own foothold. They would chipp out ice with an icepick to create their foothold in a method called step cutting, although that would soon change with the British later on. They reinvented the sport by creating a new device to allow the fastening of a toothed claw to the climbing boots. This ‘cramp-on’ replaced the conventional method of ‘step cutting’ that was employed in the past, and has since led to much progress in the development of ice climbing.
The sport has become much safer with time, but it still harbours many risks for first-timers. It takes a lot of fitness and concentration to deal with the icey cold conditions, and a small lapse means an accident is just waiting to happen.